Row, row, row your boat…
Today we will take a closer look at a true classic of fitness exercises: rowing.
This basic pulling exercises is so popular for a reason. Whether it’s with a sling trainer, a barbell, dumbbell(s), a cable row, or with a rowing machine – if done correctly the exercise is really effective. Rowing incorporates many muscles: the wide back muscle (m. latissimus dorsi), erector spinae, shoulder blade muscles, and many other smaller muscles are activated, exert static efforts, and shorten themselves in order to pull the object (a barbell, your own body etc.) against a resistance.
This exercise strengthens your back side and helps you keeping your spine erected. Thus, you will be able to better fixate your spine during your daily life and sporting activities. Therefore, you will be well-prepared for every heavy object that needs to be carried, pushed, and pulled.
There are some differences, though, when it comes to choosing the device/equipment that you have to consider.
If we talk about the most complete form of the exercise we need to look at the rowing machine. This is an ergometer on which you sit down and the resistance is created with air or water. The feet are fixed on a footboard and the seat can glide forward and backward on a rail.
The most important feature of rowing on an ergometer is the fact that your full body is involved.
The correct movement:
- At the start of the movement the legs are almost fully stretched and the upper body is upright. Hold the handle with both hands and loose arms.
- Bend your legs so the seat moves closer to the footboard. The upper body is leaned slightly forward and your arms are stretched.
- At this point you stretched your legs and your hip, e.g. is lean back slightly, and as soon as your hands have passed your knees you bend your arms and pull the handle towards your body. The elbows are kept close to the body. The seat moves away from the footboard.
- It is important to make sure that your wrists don’t bend down in order to avoid joint problems.
- Keep your shoulders loose to avoid a stiff neck.
Sling Trainer exercises are effectively using your own bodyweight as a training resistance here. If you don’t have the necessary space and/or the wherewithal for a rowing machine, the sling trainer is a good alternative for you. Small, handy, and very flexible. You can easily train your back muscles without a hassle.
You don’t have to push from your legs with this one, and your hip is stretched the whole time, but you also incorporate the whole musculature of your body. Keeping up the body tension and holding yourself in the correct position is very challenging for your back side.
The correct form:
- hip-wide stand
- your body forms a line
- don’t sag with your hip
- your head is an extension of your spine
- arms are stretched
- move your elbows backwards close to your body (low) or wider apart in shoulder-height (high)
- your forearms form one line with the main rope
- consciously move your shoulder blades together
With our dynamic sling trainers, you can additionally intensify an exercise like rowing with increased instability or side-isolation. As a little treat I have added a video about rowing with the aeroSling in which we describe the exercise pretty thoroughly (german only, sorry!).
Selecting the rowing exercise is not only a question of equipment. However, you should obviously check first what options you have and what you want to include in your workouts. Consider the different priorities of each rowing variation next. The rowing with the rowing machine is primarily a cardio exercise. Rowing with a sling trainer demands a high amount of coordination and can be easily adjusted in terms of resistance by changing your position towards the mount. Especially for beginners the sling trainer is a good choice for rowing. Rowing with a barbell or sandbag, however, is great for classic strength training. If you have several options it can be reasonable to include different variations of rowing into your training schedule. See Variation is King for more on that. Now it is your turn. Row away! And let me know which variation is your favorite? Tell us in the comment section below!
Row, row, row your boat…